【自省】人们叫我自闭症,但我没生病

来源:残障历程   作者:残障历程   2021.04.02 17:37  浏览1024
摘要:自闭症不是一种病,有自闭症也并不意味着发展不健全。自闭症人士只是在用与众不同的方式看待世界,只要获得一点支持和善意,自闭症人士也可以和大家分享自己的感受。这个世界将会变得更多姿多彩。

闭症人士只是在用与众不同的方式看待世界,只要获得一点支持和善意,自闭症人士也可以和大家分享自己的感受。这个世界将会变得更多姿多彩。

自闭症人士并不罕见,据相关资料统计,在全球每100个人当中,就有一个有自闭症。

从幼儿期开始显现的终身神经系统差异,让自闭症人士有着独特的的社会互动以及处理感官信息的特殊方法,在适当的支持下,自闭症人士可以得到公平的机会,并且能够全面、有效地参与社会。

然而,由于人们对自闭症缺乏了解,与这种神经系统差异相伴的污名化和歧视依然长期存在,许多自闭症人士及其家人因此遭受到了歧视、虐待和排斥。

为提高全社会对自闭症的认识,改善自闭症人士的生活质量,支持自闭症人士过上充实而有意义的生活,2007 年 1 2 月 ,联合国大会联合国大会一致通过4月2日为世界提高自闭症意识日。

自闭症人士感受到的世界是怎么样的?我们可以如何支持自闭症人士?

今天,第十四届世界提高自闭症意识日,让我们通过一个4分钟的短片,一起了解一下。

点击播放按钮可观看视频《人们叫我自闭症,但我没生病》
视频时长4分10秒。


人们叫我自闭症,但我没生病

We are all different,and that's wonderful. Some differences are easy to see,Height, hair style, gender, eye color, and so on.Other differences can't be seen,Our favorite foods,Fears or special skills.

每个人都是独特的,独特是件美好的事。有些不同,是显而易见的,比如:身高、发型、性别、眼睛的颜色等等。有些不同则不容易被发现,例如我们喜欢的食物,(我们)恐惧(的事情)、我们的特长等等。

Interestingly, the way we see in the world is also different.For instance:what do you see in this drawing? Most people see a duck but some of you might have seen a rabbit.Whichever you saw,you are correct.This is just a trick where I’m going to show you that all brains work differently.

更有趣的是,我们每个人看到的世界都不一样。举个例子:你看这里画的是什么?绝大多数人看到的是一只鸭子,而有些人看到的是一只兔子。无论你看到了什么,都是对的。通过这个小测试,你可以感受到每个人的大脑运作方式都不一样。

The brain is your body's computer,It works differently for all of us and controls how you learn.that's why we are all good at different things.how you feel, which is why we all feel different emotions and how you communicate.Sometimes the brain is connected in such a way that affects senses and how we perceive and read situations and interactions. This is known as autism.Many people have autism.so it's likely you already know someone who is autistic and for this reason, it's useful to know a little bit about autism.

大脑就像是你身体里的“电脑”,每个人的大脑都在以不同的方式运作,这会对你的学习方式和感觉产生影响,因此我们每个人的长处都不一样,对同一件事的感受也各不相同。大脑的运作也会对你的沟通方式产生影响,有时大脑的连接构造会影响感官以及我们对情景和互动的理解,这就是自闭症。自闭症人士并不罕见,很可能,你身边就有自闭症人士,因此,我们需要对自闭症有更多的了解。

The special wiring inside an autistic brain can sometimes make the person good at tasks we may find difficult,such as mathematics, drawing or music.It can also do the opposite. And activities we find too easy are incredibly difficult to them such as making friends.The sense is constantly sending information to your brain about your surroundings and other people.However, when a person's brain and its senses don't communicate well,the brain can become overwhelmed and confused affecting how they'll see the world .

自闭症人士大脑特殊的构造有时会让他们很擅长他人感到头疼的事情,例如:计算、绘画、音乐等。却让一些平常小事,变得很困难,这其中就包括交朋友。我们的感官会不断地把关于周围环境和其他人的信息反馈给我们,但如果大脑和感官无法顺利沟通,就会感到压力和困惑,对周围环境的感受自然也不一样。

Picture yourself walking down the street.This is how an autistic brain may experience the same walk.Scary, isn't it?Sadly, in many cases the person can't say out loud how they feel. So even though there’s chaos going on in their heads, they seem okay on the outside,unable to ask for help.

同样都是走在路上,这是自闭症人士感受到的世界。很让人恐惧,不是吗?更让人难过的是,许多自闭症人士无法表达出自己的真实感受,即使心中已经充满不安,表面上看起来仍然像什么事都没有发生一样,以至于无法向外界发出求助信息。

We will develop behaviors to help us feel calm in uncomfortable situations.We may look away ,hug ourselves,chew our fingernails,bite our lips and so on.Equally, autistic people develop behaviors that help them cope with these intense moments.These actions may seem unusual but they're just their way to feel calm.When they happen it means they are having a hard time.The kind thing to do is not to give them an even harder time by getting cross,ignoring them or mocking them.

很多时候,一般人会做一些动作,试图让自己冷静下来,例如:看向一边、四肢颤抖、咬指甲、咬嘴唇等等。同样的,自闭症人士也有帮助自己克服紧张和不安的行为,或许这些动作看起来不太寻常,但这是自闭症人士可以让自己平静的方式。当这些动作出现时,他们可能因为某些感官受到刺激正处在痛苦之中。这时,如果我们生他们的气,故意忽视嘲笑他们,他们会更痛苦。

Remember, just because a play station can’t read a X-box game it doesn’t mean they are broken.People with autism need friends who are willing to take the time to know them.With good communication and plenty of patients everyone would be better off. People with autism are not ill or broken.They simply have a unique view of the world.and with a little support from their friends they might just be able to share their feeling with us.Autism can make amazing things happen.

记住,PS 游戏机无法读取 X-box 游戏并不意味着它就坏掉了。自闭症人士需要朋友,渴望有人愿意花时间,与他们相处,良好的沟通与充分的耐心会使大家都从中受益。自闭症不是一种病,有自闭症也并不意味着发展不健全。自闭症人士只是在用与众不同的方式看待世界,只要获得一点支持和善意,自闭症人士也可以和大家分享自己的感受。这个世界将会变得更多姿多彩。

版权声明

本视频来源于互联网,版权归原作者所有,仅供学习,禁止用于任何商业盈利行为,否则一切后果由该组织或个人承担,历程字幕组不承担任何法律及连带责任。

致谢

历程字幕组

翻译: 姜睿琰、韩婧莹

制作支持: 波波

- END -


分享给朋友: 
称呼* 邮箱   评论*